Why Electric?

COST  /  CHARGING  /  PERFORMANCE  /  ENVIRONMENT  /  ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Cost

Fuel Economy

EVs typically achieve better fuel economy and have lower fuel costs than similar conventional vehicles.

This chart compares the average retail fuel prices in the US of electricity versus gasoline. Notice that gasoline fuel prices have been higher and less stable than electricity costs between 2000 and 2016.

You can use the AFDC’s Vehicle Cost Calculator to compare fuel economy ratings of individual hybrid and conventional models. Additionally, the U.S. Department of Energy has created the eGallon tool to compare the costs of driving with electricity.

Maintenance

EVs typically require less maintenance than conventional vehicles because:

  • The battery, motor, and associated electronics require little to no regular maintenance
  • There are fewer fluids to change
  • Brake wear is significantly reduced, due to regenerative braking
  • There are far fewer moving parts, relative to a conventional gasoline engine

(Source: Maintenance and Safety of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles)

Incentives

When purchasing an EV, there are many state and federal tax incentives to keep the price tag low. 

Charging

There are more and more charging options available in the consumer market including Level 1 and Level 2 charging at home and businesses, not to mention Tesla’s free DC Fast Charge stations.

Many charging stations offer free or lower-cost electricity for your EV.

There are many maps and apps to help EV owners locate nearby charging stations.

Check out the AFDC Electric Vehicle Charging Stations website for additional up-to-date information.

See more about charging

Performance

What surprises people is the high torque (axle-twisting power) offered by EVs.

Read the article by CleanTechnica on Instant Torque And Blazing Speeds The Best Thing About Electric Cars.

Environment

Emissions

Electricity Sources and Emissions

EVs and PHEVs running only on electricity have zero tailpipe emissions, but emissions may be produced by the source of electrical power, such as a power plant. In geographic areas that use relatively low-polluting energy sources for electricity generation, PHEVs and EVs typically have a well-to-wheel emissions advantage over similar conventional vehicles running on gasoline or diesel. In regions that depend heavily on conventional fossil fuels for electricity generation, PEVs may not demonstrate a well-to-wheel emissions benefit.

Compare Electricity Sources and Annual Vehicle Emissions

Visit the AFDC for an interactive tool to see a state-by-state breakdown of the electricity sources used to charge EVs and PHEVs on a local grid and compare the annual emissions generated from vehicles using electricity from the grid, gasoline, or a combination of the two.

Noise Pollution

EVs produce little to no noise. This reduces noise pollution and makes for a smoother ride for all passengers.

Additional Resources

See the AFDC Benefits and Considerations of Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel website for additional information about the wide range of benefits that come with using an electric vehicle.

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